San Francisco Medical Society Blog

Article References for April 2017 San Francisco Medicine



References cited in The View from Inside the Box by Joshua Smith, EMT-P

1. Barkley, Katherine T. “The Ambulance.” Exposition Press, 1990. ISBN 0-682-48983-2

2. Ortiz, Captain Jose M. "The Revolutionary Flying Ambulance of Napoleon's Surgeon." U.S. Army Medical Department Journal, October–December 1998.

3. https://www.ems.gov/pdf/1997-Reproduction-AccidentalDeathDissability.pdf

4. Ibid

5. Shah, Manish MD. “The Formation of the Emergency Medical System”. 2006. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1470509/

7. https://www.bls.gov/ooh/healthcare/emts-and-paramedics.htm

8. http://www.emsa.ca.gov/Media/Default/PDF/emsa_131_12202013.pdf

References cited in Pain Without Gain by Hallam Gugelmann, MD, MPH

1. Crane, E. H. “The CBHSQ Report: Emergency Department Visits Involving Narcotic Pain Relievers.” https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/report_2083/ShortReport-2083.html

2. Matrix Global Advisors, LLC. “Health Care Costs from Opioid Abuse: A State-by-State Analysis.” April 2015. http://www.drugfree.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/Matrix_OpioidAbuse_040415.pdf

3. Porter J, Jick H. “Addiction rare in patients treated with narcotics.” N Engl J Med. 1980;302(2):123.

4. Portenoy RK, Foley KM. “Chronic use of opioid analgesics in non-malignant pain: report of 38 cases.” Pain. 1986 May;25(2):171-86.

5. Max MB. “Improving outcomes of analgesic treatment: is education enough?” Ann Intern Med. 1990;113(11):885-889.

6. Baker DW. “History of The Joint Commission's Pain Standards: Lessons for Today's Prescription Opioid Epidemic.” JAMA. 2017 Feb 23.

7. Van Zee A. “The promotion and marketing of oxycontin: commercial triumph, public health tragedy.” Am J Public Health. 2009 Feb;99(2):221-7. 

8. Barnett ML, Olenski AR, Jena AB. “Opioid-Prescribing Patterns of Emergency Physicians and Risk of Long-Term Use.” N Engl J Med. 2017 Feb 16;376(7):663-673.

9. Washington State Agency Medical Directors’ Group (AMDG). “Interagency Guideline on Prescribing Opioids for Pain, 2015.” Accessed 3/1/2017 at http://www.agencymeddirectors.wa.gov/Files/2015AMDGOpioidGuideline.pdf

10. Manchikanti L, Singh A. “Therapeutic opioids: a ten-year perspective on the complexities and complications of escalating use, abuse, and nonmedical use of opioids.” Pain Physician. 2008;11(2 Suppl):S63-S88.

11. Manchikanti L, Helm S 2nd, Fellows B, Janata JW, Pampati V, Grider JS, Boswell MV. “Opioid epidemic in the United States.” Pain Physician. 2012 Jul;15(3 Suppl):ES9-38.


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